Personal, social, health and economic education (PSHE)
Statement of Intent for Personal Social Health Education and Relationships Education (PSHE), including spiritual, moral, social and cultural development (SMSC) and British Values
Personal, social and health education (PSHE) enables children to become healthy, independent and responsible members of our society and play a positive role in contributing to the life of the school and the wider community.
We will follow the ‘Jigsaw’ scheme for our taught PSHE curriculum. This will include six taught units per year:
Dreams and goals
This will cover the Relationship Education and Health Education curriculum, which is revisited and extended as children move through the school. This provides a progressive and planned scheme of work, giving children relevant learning experiences to help them navigate their world and to develop positive relationships between themselves and others. Parents/carers will not be able to withdraw their child from this curriculum as it is statutory.
The DfE Guidance 2019 recommends that all primary schools ‘have a sex education programme tailored to the age and the physical and emotional maturity of the pupils. However, ‘Sex Education is not compulsory in primary schools’ (p. 23).
We believe that sex education should ensure that both boys and girls are prepared for the changes that adolescence brings.
At Eldene School, puberty is taught as a statutory requirement of Health Education and covered by our Jigsaw PSHE Programme in the ‘Changing Me’ unit.
Sex education refers to Human Reproduction. In order to teach this in a scientific context, and in the context of the National Curriculum (Science) which requires children to know how mammals reproduce, we have opted to teach this within our Science curriculum.
· In Years 1/2, children learn that animals, including humans, have offspring that grow into adults. They should be introduced to the concepts of reproduction and growth, but not how reproduction occurs.
· In Years 5/6, children are taught about the life cycles of humans and animals, including reproduction. They also learn about the changes that happen in humans from birth to old age. This includes learning what happens in puberty, including periods.
Therefore, the parent right to withdraw their child from Sex Education is not applicable.
Please note, within the Jigsaw scheme, links to the science curriculum are also covered through the following lessons:
· Year 4, CM Lesson 2 (Having a baby) – This lesson will involve correctly naming body parts, necessary for making a baby.
· Year 5 CM Lesson 4 (Conception) – This lesson will teach children that sexual intercourse can lead to conception and that is how babies are usually made.
· Year 6 CM Lesson 3 (Conception and birth) – This lesson will teach how a baby develops from conception through the nine months of pregnancy and how it is born.
We are aware that some PHSE knowledge is taught very successfully and becomes more relevant to the needs of the children when using a cross curricular approach. Some content could be covered alongside other curriculum areas. The teacher will be best placed to make these choices and to arrange these objectives so that they fit in well, for example, teaching money in maths and financial education in PHSE at the same time or teaching the relationships objectives in Y5 and 6 Jigsaw PHSE at the same time as internet skills in computing.
Teaching children to stay safe
We have decided that the children we teach need to cover the following curriculum content to learn to keep themselves safe. Some of these are based on additional Jigsaw provision (additional to the statutory requirements) and some use other additional resources from charities and other organisations.